After six months of work, the team of developers of the Ubuntu project is proposing today a new version of their distribution. This is Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat, a name which means both “maverick” (maverick) but also rapid and social, as the meerkat, an animal living in southern Africa.
1. The different versions
Listed below are the different versions available for download:
* Desktop version (1 CD) who also serves as live-cd
* Version Netbook (1 CD) specially dedicated to ultra-portables
* The server version (1 CD)
* DVD version
To download Ubuntu 10.10, you can go directly to the official page:
If you wish to upgrade your system from an Ubuntu version 10.04, open a terminal and run the following command after backing up your data:
update-manager -c -d
2. Installation and first startup
The new installer for Ubuntu 10.10 is a nice surprise. It now boasts a new design and new slides, which move through a slideshow effect. But the real novelty lies in the possibility to choose language, user name or password while copying the system files. Here’s a demo video that puts it all out:
Please use a recent browser to view the video, such as Firefox or Google Chrome for example.
You will note in passing the possibility to check the “Install this third-party software. This enables the automatic installation of codecs, MP3 and Flash.
This new method, duration of Ubuntu installation is even shorter than before. No doubt this kind of installation will be taken one day by Microsoft or Apple.
Regarding the startup time, no significant change. At home I’m still below 20 seconds with my new configuration. I got the same results with version 10.04.
3. The Artworks
We note some positive changes to the theme atmosphere. In contrast, the default wallpaper show nothing special and is rather disappointing.
Last important point about the graphics, a new default font called “Ubuntu Font” was added. It is published under license Ubuntu Font License 1.0, a sort of GPL for fonts.
It is possible to admire in more detail, by running this command in a terminal:
4. The new thing
Pass without further delay to the most interesting part, the list of recent additions Ubuntu 10.10.
Ubuntu Software Center 3.0
The Ubuntu software library continues to grow and is now available in version 3.0
Here’s a quick list of improvements:
* Development of a history of installed software
* Added a section “software stars” and “new” (see screenshot above)
* Integration links apt:// (example click here to install VLC)
* Ability to install packages. Deb individually
* Development of a section “commercial software”
* Display the list of addons available in conjunction with the software you want to install (cf.capture below, where you can see that there are two addons for VLC)
We also find the list of packages suggested, when using apt from the command line:
$ sudo apt-get install vlc
Concerning the appearance of commercial software, this has a lot of ink flow. Personally, I am for as long as we are offering free software pay. Which unfortunately does not seem to be the direction taken by Canonical.
A new system menu sound
The menu that allows you to manage the sound now offers the ability to manage the music you listen. Whether with Amarok or Rhythmbox, new buttons are for starting playback, forward and backward through the list of songs. The album art also appear automatically.
A bar to wedge the song to a specific location would have been a little more. Maybe it will be for a future release.
Unity: a new interface for netbooks
Canonical has been working on a new interface “light” Netbook called Unity. The objective thereof is to provide quick access to the Internet, much like the OS will Chrome.
It is available in the version of Ubuntu Netbook. But you can also install it on the classic versions, with the following command:
sudo apt-get install unity
The Multitouch support
The Multitouch support has been improved and some Gtk applications are expected to support the new APIs to allow users to control the software with their fingertips. Evince and Unity have, for example, these technological advances:
The meta-package that manages all this uTouch called and he moved like this:
sudo apt-get install utouch
Be careful though, the maturity of this system should not be visible before the release of Ubuntu 12.04.
Applications installed by default
So there’s pretty funny. You remember with Ubuntu 10.04, Gimp had left his place to the software F-Spot. Well with Ubuntu 10.10, is repeated, and this time it is becoming Shotwell management application image by default, instead of F-Spot. Otherwise KDE side, we note the arrival of Rekonq as default web browser.
5. Other new bulk
* Using Linux kernel 2.6.35
* OpenOffice.org goes to version 3.2
* Firefox 3.6
* Gnome 2.32
* KDE 4.5
If you read the introduction, Ubuntu 10.10 was intended social and non-conformist, with its code name: Maverick Meerkat. It is true that this new version does not follow the same rules as other distributions, including the introduction of deposit partners filled with proprietary software, and the opportunity now to purchase priced applications, not necessarily free. This new aspect of risk displeasing to many open source purists, that’s for sure!
Socially, there is no novelty in Ubuntu Lucid Lynx. So, we do not really understand the slogan based on the meerkat, the animal supposed to be fast and Social …
For the rest, the results are rather positive. The news, even if they are not legion, are more than appreciable and quality.